In such a situation, another modality for treating sinus infection comes in a role i.e., Nasal irrigation, or nasal wash as commonly known is a technique that flushes out congested nasal passages with saltwater solution with the help of Neti Pot or a nasal bulb syringe.
In WebMD article, Evangeline Lausier, M.D., assistant clinical professor of medicine and director of clinical services at Duke University's department of integrative medicine said, "I find it to be first line of defence in dealing with complicated sinus problems and allergy problems." He further added, "Particularly if you are developing congestion or have a sinus infection, it's very helpful."
Sinusitis is clinical condition characterized by inflammation of the lining of sinuses. Sinuses are the air-filled spaces in the facial bones, which can produce mucus, a thick gelatinous fluid. Sinuses are lined by cilia; tiny hair likes projections, which sweep out mucus through sinuses and nasal passages. Both mucus and cilia help in trapping bacteria and foreign substances from air that we breathe.
Change in temperature or air pressure, excessive use of nasal decongestant, swimming, smoking, and allergy to dust and pollen can damage cilia, so they are not able to function properly. Hence, mucus gets accumulated inside sinuses and nasal passages. Blocked nasal passages produce typical symptoms of sinusitis such as.
Nasal congestion/stuffy nose
Pain or pressure over an affected sinus
Thick, yellow-green nasal discharge
Cough, especially worse at night
Bad breathe or halitosis
Decreased sense of smell and taste
Pain-killers, decongestant and antihistaminic can offer temporary relief from sinusitis symptoms. Mostly doctor prescribed antibiotics for treating sinusitis considering bacteria as a cause for infection. However, antibiotics don't seem to be a powerful weapon to fight with infection, especially when a causative agent is a virus.
Nasal irrigation: Better treatment modality
Nasal irrigation is a centuries-old technique that has been described in "Ayurveda."Basic principle is to act on a root cause rather than proving only symptomatic relief. During procedure light saltwater solution, mixture of the one-half teaspoon unionized salt in an 8-ounce of sterilized water is poured into one nostril with the help of Neti pot. As it flows through nasal cavity into the other nostril, it washes out mucus and allergens from sinuses and nasal passages.
Different types of nasal wash techniques are available but use depends on personal choice and doctor's advice.