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Today In Indian History - Historical Events of India

DateEvent Name
8/1/1672 The East India Company and the English law was for the first time intorduced in India. It was set up as directed by the Court of Judicature.
8/1/1846 Dwarkanath Tagore, a Hindu philanthropist, died in London.
8/1/1879 Achyut Balwant Kolhatkar, famous litterateur and journalist, was born.
8/1/1882 Purushottamdas Tandon, great leader and editor, was born at Allahabad (U.P.).
8/1/1899 Kamala Nehru, wife of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, great revolutionary freedom fighter and social worker, was born.
8/1/1905 Horse drawn tram cars were closed down in Bombay. This service was started on May 9, 1874 with 20 tram cars and 200 horses. The very first day of its run, the number of passengers carried was 451 and the amount earned was Rs. 85/- on the last day it had 1360 horses and carried 71,947 passengers and earned Rs.4,260/.
8/1/1916 Mrs. Annie Besant in cooperation with Bal Gangadhar Tilak started the Home Rule League Movement with Dadabhai Naoroji as its President.
8/1/1920 Bipin Chandra Pal opposed to the Non Co-operation Movement and retired from politics, but movement was approved by Congress.
8/1/1920 Under the leadership of Gandhi, the non-cooperation movement was launched against Lord Chelmsford. ""Firmness in truth,"" was his strategy of noncooperation and non-violence against India's Christian British rulers. Later, he resolved to wear only 'dhoti' to preserve homespun cotton and simplicity, followed with grassroots agitation. This began with renunciation of honorary titles like 'Sir' given by the British. Thereafter, it was followed by the boycott of legislatures, elections and other Government works. Foreign clothes were burnt and Khadi became a symbol of freedom. The movement was a great success despite firing and arrests. By the end of 1921, all important national leaders, except Gandhi, were in jail, along with 3000 others. However, in February 1922, at Chaurichaura, Uttar Pradesh, violence erupted and Gandhi called off the movement. He was imprisoned and the movement was over.
8/1/1920 Bal Gangadhar Tilak, British-Indian Hindu leader, died at Bombay.
8/1/1920 Kirloskar, monthly magzine, was published.
8/1/1920 Gandhiji addresses letter to Viceroy surrendering ""Kaisar-E-Hind"" Medal, ""Zulu War"" Medal and ""Boer War"" Medal and launched the All India Non-Violent Non-Coperation Movement.
8/1/1922 Ratilal Sankalchand Nayak, educationist and writer, was born at Kadi, Gujarat .
8/1/1927 Dr. Rahi Masoom Raza, famous Hindi litterateur, was born.
8/1/1931 Bhairabh Ganguly, cricket test umpire for 5 tests from 1981-85, was born at Bengal.
8/1/1932 Meena Kumari, film actress, was born.
8/1/1939 Bombay begins Prohibition, first since U.S. law was repealed.
8/1/1947 Partition of India into India and Pakistan. Power transferred. Lord Mountbatten becomes Governor General of India and Muhammed Ali Jinnah, Governor General of Pakistan.
8/1/1952 Nationalised Airways at Safdarjung, New Delhi inaugurated by Nehru.
8/1/1952 Yajurvindra Singh Jaswant Singh, cricketer (Indian batsman four Tests 1977-79), was born in Rajkot.
8/1/1953 All Private Airlines were nationalised by establishing of All Airlines India International.
8/1/1953 Bombay Government decides to abolish ''jagirs'' in merged areas.
8/1/1955 Arun Lal, cricketer (Indian batsman in sixteen Tests 1982-89), was born in Moradabad, U.P.
8/1/1957 M. K. Vellodi was appointed as the Cabinet Secretary of India. He held this office till 04-06-1958.
8/1/1957 National Book Trust inaugurated.
8/1/1958 Ramon Magsaysay Award for community leadership given to Acharya Bhave.
8/1/1962 Establishment of Maharashtra State Industrial Development Corporation.
8/1/1963 Soviets offer India arms to block China.
8/1/1964 Air Chief Marshal Arjan Singh, Padma Vibhushan, DFC. became the Air Officer Commanding, India Command. He was in this office till 15/07/1969.
8/1/1966 Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishvavidyalaya (HPKV) was established at Palampur under the aegis of Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, to cater to the need of hilly areas of erstwhile Punjab.
8/1/1970 Bhopal University was established.
8/1/1970 Former Beatle George Harrison led an all-star entourage of rock talent through two sold-out shows at New York's Madison Square Garden tonight, in a benefit for Bangladesh refugees. More than 40,000 attended the concerts, and Harrison hoped to donate $250,000 to the cause. The shows opened with sets of Indian music by sitarist Ravi Shankar, then moved through songs featuring Harrison, Eric Clapton, Billy Preston, Leon Russell, and another ex-Beatle, Ringo Starr. But the evening's most ecstatic ovations were reserved for the unexpected appearance of Bob Dylan.
8/1/1986 Amnesty scheme for evaders of taxes announced.
8/1/1988 Air Chief Marshal Surinder Kumar Mehra PVSM, AVSM, VM, ADC., became the Air Officer Commanding, India Command. He was in this office till 31/July/1991.
8/1/1989 Kirti Vrajlal Ambani,Reliance executive, held in connection with a plot to kill Bombay Dyeing Chairman Nusli Wadia.
8/1/1990 Devi Lal, Dy. PM, dropped from Union Cabinet following wild charges he made against colleagues in an interview with the 'Illustrated Weekly'.
8/1/1992 Narasimha Rao, PM, dedicates Vizag Steel Plant to the nation.
8/1/1992 S. Rajgopal was appointed as the Cabinet Secretary of India. He held this office till 31-07-1993.
8/1/1993 Air Chief Marshal Swaroop Krishna Kaul PVSM, MVC, ADC., became the Air Officer Commanding, India Command. He was in this office till 31/Dec/1995.
8/1/1993 Dr. K. N. Raju, a Nilakantan protegee, assumes office as NAL's fourth Director.
8/1/1993 Jananayak Debeswar Sarmah, great freedom fighter, architect and nationalist, died at Jorhat, Assam.
8/1/1994 Surendra Singh was appointed as the Cabinet Secretary of India. He held this office till 31-07-1996.
8/1/1994 The Railway passenger insurance scheme comes into force.
8/1/1995 Vohra Panel submits report, highlights nexus between mafia and politicians.
8/1/1996 Madhu Dandavate is made Dy. Chairman, Planning Commission.
8/1/1996 T. S. R. Subramaniam was appointed as the Cabinet Secretary of India. He held this office till 31-03-1998.
8/1/1997 Viswanathan Anand wins the Credit Suisse Masters chess tournament in Beil.
8/1/1997 Lt. Gen. Ved Prakash Malik to be next chief of Army staff. Gen. Shankar Roy Chowdhury retires on September 30.
8/1/1997 Nitin Mongia wins Laser standard in sailing championship in Hyderabad.
8/1/1998 The DMK condemns the BJP-led coalition Government's decision to set up a Multi-Disciplinary Monitoring Agency and rejects the Action Taken Report on the final report of the Jain Commission with reference to Mr. M. Karunanidhi.
8/1/2000 Lt. Gen. Padmanabhan to be new Army chief replacing Gen. V. P. Malik.
8/1/2000 One hundred people of Kinnaur, Shimla and Mandi districts of HP die following flash floods in the Sutlej river.
8/1/2000 The Lok Sabha adopts Uttar Pradesh State Reorganisation Bill paving the way for the creation of Uttaranchal the 27th State.
8/1/2000 27 'yatris' (travelers) die after militants attack a ''langar'' in a Pahalgam health resort en route to the Amarnath cave shrine.


Other Historical Dates and Events
11/3/1999Dr. M. S. Swaminathan, well-known agricultural scientist, is selected for the UNESCO Gandhi gold medal.
4/13/1993Lalitadevi Shastri passed away.
3/15/1996Kashmiri militants and Central govt. hold talks on ending violence and to initiate the democratic process in J&K.
3/1/1930Coimbatarao Doraikannu Gopinath, cricketer (batted in 8 Tests for India in the 1950's), was born in Madras.
12/12/1921Gandhi organizes a complete boycott of Prince of Wales's visit to Allahabad.
6/4/1959Chakravarti Rajagopalachari opposed the Socialist Policies of Indian National Congress and founded Swatantra Party alongwith Ranga.
7/2/1970Pandit Kunjilal Dubey, freedom fighter, educationalist and politician, passed away.
3/23/1967Pandey Bechain Sharma (Ugra) passed away.
3/17/1957New Central Cabinet under J. L. Nehru sworn in.
1/2/1964Raichaudhary Ambikagiri, nationalist Asamia poet, died.